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Period: May 15, 2013 to June 1, 2013
Comment & Opinion or Companies, Organizations or Consumers or Controversies & Disputes or Deals, M&A, JVs, Licensing or Earnings Release or Finance, Economics, Tax or Innovation & New Ideas or Legal, Legislation, Regulation, Policy or Market News or Marketing & Advertising or Other or People & Personalities or Press Release or Products & Brands or Research, Studies, Advice or Supply Chain or Trends

Cinnamon Compounds Prevent Neuron Abnormalities That Lead To Alzheimer’s Disease

Two compounds found in the common aromatic spice cinnamon seem to prevent the development of the filamentous plaque found in the brain cells that characterize Alzheimer’s disease, according to new U.S. research. The protein tau plays a large role in the structure of the neurons: it is responsible for the assembly of microtubules in a cell. In Alzheimer’s, however, tau starts clumping together, forming insoluble fibers in neurons. The compound cinnamaldehyde prevents the tau knots. Epicatechin, a powerful antioxidant found in cinnamon, interacts with cysteines on the tau protein in a way similar to the protective action of cinnamaldehyde.

"Interaction of Cinnamaldehyde and Epicatechin with Tau: Implications of Beneficial Effects in Modulating Alzheimer's Disease Pathogenesis", Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, May 23, 2013

Sugary Beverages Linked To Higher Risk Of Kidney Stones

For years, doctors have advised kidney stone patients to drink more fluids to prevent a recurrence. But new research shows that not all fluids offer that benefit. Consumption of sugar-sweetened soda and punch is linked to a higher incidence of kidney stones, according to data compiled from three ongoing studies involving more than 194,000 participants over eight years. Those who consumed one or more sugar-sweetened cola servings a day had a 23 percent higher risk of developing kidney stones, compared to those who drank less than one a week. Some beverages – coffee, tea and orange juice – were associated with a lower risk of stone formation.

"Sugary drinks may up kidney stone risk", Newhope 360, May 16, 2013

Study Shows “Fat Talk” Makes Women Less Likeable

Women who make self-disparaging remarks – “fat talk” – about eating, exercise or their bodies are less liked by their peers, according to a U.S. study. For the study, researchers showed photos to participants of women with various body types engaging in either “fat talk” or positive body talk. Overweight women in the photos who made positive statements about their bodies were the most liked. It was once thought that “fat talk” behaviors by women helped create and strengthen social bonds, but the study showed that “fat talk” is actually a turn off and “far from innocuous”.

"Nobody Likes a "Fat Talker", Study Shows", News release, study presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association annual conference, May 09, 2013

Sexually Harassed Men More Likely To Develop Eating Disorders

A new study finds that men who experience high levels of sexual harassment are significantly more likely than women to develop purging “compensatory” behaviors such as induced vomiting and taking laxatives and diuretics to control their weight. Michigan State University researchers surveyed 2,446 college-aged participants – including 731 men – on their experiences with sexual harassment, body image and eating behaviors. Women experienced higher rates of harassment, but men were more likely to resort to purging. Eating disorders are increasing in men, especially young ones, but most prevention programs are geared towards girls and women. The researchers hope to raise awareness of such issues.

"Exploring gender differences in body image, eating pathology, and sexual harassment", Body Image, May 09, 2013

Educating Consumers About The Consequences Of Restaurant Meals Could Curb Obesity

Authors of a recent U.S. study suggest that state and local governments could help curb the nation’s obesity epidemic by requiring restaurant menus to provide not only calorie counts but also the amount of exercise necessary to burn off those calories. The researchers examined studies on calorie labeling and regulatory options available to local governments. The studies showed that when presented with calorie counts and other menu information, consumers were half as likely to order a high calorie meal. Researchers also recommended replacing menu items like French fries with alternatives like apple slices.

"Improving Obesity Prevention at the Local Level — Emerging Opportunities", New England Journal of Medicine, May 09, 2013

Research, Studies, Advice  

Swedish Research Highlights Health Benefits Of A Scandinavian Diet

A “Nordic” diet rich in berries, root vegetables, legumes, whole grains, cabbage, rapeseed (canola) oil, nuts, poultry and fish reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, a Swedish study has found. Participants in the research followed either the Nordic diet or a diet that included butter, fewer berries and vegetables, and more red meat and white bread. The Nordic diet lowered cholesterol levels and inflammation associated with pre-diabetes, researchers reported.

"Effects of an isocaloric healthy Nordic diet on insulin sensitivity, lipid profile and inflammation markers in metabolic syndrome - a randomized study", Journal of Internal Medicine, May 29, 2013

Reducing Caloric Intake Slows Nerve Cell Degeneration

U.S. researchers who tested the impact of a restricted calorie diet on lab animals found that it delays the onset of nerve cell loss common in neurodegenerative diseases by activating an enzyme called Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). They further found that they could activate SIRT1 without dietary changes by administering a drug. The mice that received the drug had less cell loss and better cellular connectivity than the mice that did not receive the drug. The researchers believe that the drug – which they did not identify – could someday be used to slow the process of age-associated impairments in the brain.

"SIRT1 Activator Prevents Neurodegeneration in Mice", The Journal of Neuroscience, May 21, 2013

Mediterranean Diet Is Best For The Aging Brain – Study

Researchers in Spain who studied the long term impact of different dietary patterns on older adults found that, after 6.5 years, a Mediterranean diet had the most positive impact on higher brain functions, including orientation, memory, and language. The study followed 522 men and women aged 55 to 80 without cardiovascular disease, but at high vascular risk because of underlying disease/conditions. A control group ate a low-fat diet usually recommended  to prevent heart attack and stroke. The most beneficial diet was found to include olive oil, nuts, fruits, vegetables, and pulses, almost no red meat or dairy, and some red wine.

"Mediterranean diet improves cognition: the PREDIMED-NAVARRA randomized trial", Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, May 20, 2013

No Benefit Seen in Sharp Limits on Salt in Diet

The New York Times, May 14, 2013

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