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Period: June 15, 2014 to July 1, 2014
Comment & Opinion or Companies, Organizations or Consumers or Controversies & Disputes or Deals, M&A, JVs, Licensing or Earnings Release or Finance, Economics, Tax or Innovation & New Ideas or Legal, Legislation, Regulation, Policy or Market News or Marketing & Advertising or Other or People & Personalities or Press Release or Products & Brands or Research, Studies, Advice or Supply Chain or Trends

A Whole Grain Revolution In The Making On The West Coast

The West Coast is home to a growing phenomenon in the bread industry: local grain economies whose goal is to scale up production of whole grain products in a way that is profitable for farmers and competitively priced for consumers – “a true alternative to an industrial economy”. The whole grains movement is based on locally grown grain varieties that result in flour very different from what’s available commercially today. The grains are milled without ever separating the germ, the embryo of a grain kernel, and the bran, the protective outer layer. Baked goods – from cookies to bread – not only taste better than the so-called whole grain products available in supermarkets today, they may also be healthier. Advocates and scientists say people who are gluten sensitive – but not celiac sufferers – report they can enjoy breads made from whole grains without the adverse effects.

"A Long Way From Wonder Bread", NewYorkTimes.com , June 16, 2014

Bread Made With Canola Oil Reduces Blood Sugar, Bad Cholesterol

A study of 141 type 2 diabetics by Canadian researchers has found that eating a low-glycemic diet, including bread made with canola oil, led to a significant reduction in blood glucose levels and in LDL or “bad”, cholesterol. The canola bread diet was compared to a similar diet with whole wheat bread. The results translate into a seven percent reduction in cardiovascular events, or the equivalent of an additional 20 mg dose of the cholesterol-reducing drugs known as statins. Interesting finding: patients on the whole wheat diet seemed to have better blood flow after 12 weeks than those on the canola bread diet. Whole wheat foods have consistently been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

"Effect of Lowering the Glycemic Load With Canola Oil on Glycemic Control and Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Randomized Controlled Trial. ", Diabetes Care, June 14, 2014

Study Associates Intake Of Processed Red Meat With Heart Problems

A study that analyzed health data from more than 37,000 adult men of all ages showed that eating processed red meat – smoked, cured, salted, and laced with preservatives or other chemicals – increases the risk of heart failure. Participants in the Swedish study completed questionnaires on food intake and other lifestyle factors from1998 to the date of heart failure diagnosis, death or the end of the study in 2010. Men who ate the most processed red meat (75 grams a day or more) had a 28 percent higher risk of heart failure and a 2-fold increased risk of heart failure death. The risk of heart failure or death among those who ate unprocessed red meat did not increase, however.

"Processed and Unprocessed Red Meat Consumption and Risk of Heart Failure: A Prospective Study of Men. ", Circulation: Heart Failure, June 12, 2014

Increased Protein Intake – But Not From Red Meat – Linked To Lower Stroke Risk

A Chinese study that analyzed data from previous research finds that a diet moderately high in protein – a minimum of 20 grams a day, especially from fish – tends to protect people from stroke. The researchers looked at seven studies with more than 254,000 participants who were followed for an average of 14 years. Those with the highest amount of protein in their diet were 20 percent less likely to experience a stroke than those with the lowest amount. For every additional 20 grams of protein, the risk dropped 26 percent. The researchers said the findings do not support an increased intake of red meat, however. "Stroke risk may be reduced by replacing red meat with other protein sources, such as fish," the authors said.

"Quantitative analysis of dietary protein intake and stroke risk. ", Neurology, June 11, 2014

Research, Studies, Advice  

Polyphenol-Rich Cocoa Extract May Help Prevent Onset Of Alzheimer’s

A U.S. study in genetically altered mice finds that a preparation of cocoa extract prevents the protein  β-amyloid (Aβ) from forming the sticky clumps in the brain that damage nerve cells in Alzheimer’s patients. The mice, which were genetically altered to mimic Alzheimer’s disease, were fed lavado cocoa, which is rich in polyphenols and antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables. The researchers said that their findings suggest that adequate quantities of specific cocoa polyphenols in the human diet over time may prevent the clustering of Aβ into oligomers that damage the brain, thus possibly preventing the onset of Alzheimer's.

"Cocoa Extracts Reduce Oligomerization of Amyloid-β: Implications for Cognitive Improvement in Alzheimer's Disease. ", J Alzheimers Dis, June 23, 2014

Soy Protein Supplements Are Safe For Diabetic Males

Scientists in the U.K. may have settled the question of whether soy protein supplements, which contain hormones chemically similar to female estrogens, reduce male hormone levels. The question is important because studies have shown that men with type 2 diabetes and heart problems benefit from soy protein supplements. The new research, however, found that soy protein and phytoestrogen supplementation is safe for diabetic men with low testosterone levels to take to improve diabetes control and reduce risk factors for heart disease.

"Soy supplements appear to be safe, beneficial in diabetic men", News release, study presented at a meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society, June 23, 2014

Mediterranean Diet Puts Children At Less Risk Of Obesity

Children in eight European countries who ate more vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts and fish – the basic components of the Mediterranean diet – tended to be less overweight or obese than their counterparts who ate a more Western style diet. Parents of the children completed questionnaires and were interviewed by Swedish researchers to determine dietary habits, especially regarding 43 foods. Children were scored by level of intake of foods typical of the Mediterranean diet, as well as for low intakes of foods such as dairy and meats. Children with high adherence to the Mediterranean diet were 10-15 percent less likely to experience major increases in BMI, waist circumference and body fat.

"Children consuming a Mediterranean diet are 15% less likely to be overweight, study finds", News release, study presented at the European Congress on Obesity, June 19, 2014

Gluten-Free Diet Also Benefits The Brains Of Celiac Patients – Study

Celiac disease patients –  who have a severe allergic reaction to the protein gluten found in wheat, barley and rye – benefit both physically and mentally from a gluten-free diet, an Australian study reports. Participants who avoided gluten not only experienced intestinal healing, they experienced improvements in cognition. Celiac patients often report a condition called “brain fog” in addition to the severe intestinal discomfort from eating gluten. “Cognitive performance improves with adherence to the gluten-free diet in parallel to mucosal healing,” the authors concluded.

"Cognitive impairment in coeliac disease improves on a gluten-free diet and correlates with histological and serological indices of disease severity. ", Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, June 16, 2014

A Healthy Diet Alone Can Significantly Cut The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Improving your diet – eating more whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and less sugar and saturated fat – reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a U.S. study. The researchers stressed that diet is associated with diabetes independent of weight loss and physical activity, though lifestyle improvements do reduce diabetes risk even further. Eating a healthy diet reduced the risk for type 2 diabetes by about 20 percent, compared to those who made no changes to their diets. Dietary quality was measured using the 110-point Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010.

"Improving Diet Quality Reduces Risk for Type 2 Diabetes", News release, study presented at the American Diabetes Association's scientific sessions, June 14, 2014

Gluten-Specific Enzyme: Answer To A Prayer From Celiac Sufferers?

A new Finnish study suggests for the first time that there may be a non-dietary therapy for celiac disease sufferers.  Half of the participants in the study were given a dose of the gluten-specific enzyme ALV003 each time a small amount of gluten – a protein found in wheat, barley and rye – was eaten. It is very difficult for celiac sufferers to completely avoid gluten because of cross-contamination in food processing. The enzyme decreased gluten-induced intestinal injury without adverse side effects. The control group experienced gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and abdominal pain. The researchers have launched a 500-patient clinical trial to further test the benefits of ALV003.

"Glutenase ALV003 Attenuates Gluten-Induced Mucosal Injury in Patients With Celiac Disease. ", Gastroenterology, June 12, 2014

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