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Obesity Among Young Adults Is Linked To Greater Risk Of Developing Lymphoma

October 24, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
Though the causes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are obscure, researchers have found an association between body weight and diet in young adulthood with NHL, an often fatal cancer of the white blood cells. The yet-unpublished study analyzed dietary and other questionnaire data from 47,541 men who were followed for 22 years, and 91,227 women followed for 28 years. Researchers found that obesity in young adulthood was associated with risk for NHL later in life. Men with a BMI of 30 or higher in their early twenties had a 64 percent higher risk for NHL compared to men who were lean. Obese women had a 19 percent higher risk; women who ate at least four servings of vegetables a day had a 16 percent lower risk of  developing NHL.
Shumin Zhang, M.D., Sc.D. et al., "Body Weight, Diet May Be Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma", Press release, presentation, AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, October 24, 2011, © American Association for Cancer Research
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Consuming More Protein May Help Prevent Obesity

October 13, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
A multinational team of researchers has found that low levels of dietary protein can cause excess energy intake and could be a factor in higher rates of obesity. Participants in the study – 16 females and 6 males – spent four days on each of three diets. Those fed a 10 percent protein diet consumed 12 percent more energy over four days than they did on a 15 percent protein diet. Seventy percent of the increased energy intake on the lower protein diet came from snacks. The researchers said their findings have considerable implications for bodyweight management at a time when “foods rich in fat and carbohydrate are cheap, palatable and available” to an unprecedented extent.
Alison K. Gosby, et al., "Testing Protein Leverage in Lean Humans: A Randomised Controlled Experimental Study", PLoS One, October 13, 2011, © Gosby, et al.
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Green Vegetables Are Found To Be Very Important For The Immune System

October 13, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
British researchers have discovered one of the key reasons why green vegetables are so beneficial: they are the source of a chemical signal important to a fully functioning immune system. The signal ensures that immune cells in the gut and the skin known as intra-epithelial lymphocytes (IELs) function properly. The researchers fed otherwise healthy mice a vegetable-poor diet for two to three weeks and found that 70 to 80 percent of the protective cells disappeared. The numbers of IELs serving as a first line of defense and in wound repair depend on levels of a cell-surface protein that is regulated by dietary ingredients found primarily in cruciferous vegetables.
Ying Li, et al., "Exogenous Stimuli Maintain Intraepithelial Lymphocytes via Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Activation", Cell, October 13, 2011, © Elsevier Inc.
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“Good” Fats And Oils Drive Healthy U.S. Sales In The Sector

October 11, 2011: 09:38 PM EST
A report from market researcher Packaged Facts says the edible fats and oils market in the U.S. is booming, thanks to a flurry of new product introductions containing “good” fats and oils. The new products are taking advantage of the fact that consumers are aware some fats are actually beneficial. Recent studies have shown that monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats can lower disease risk. Consumers who have avoided fats for years have now embraced the so-called “good” fats, driving companies to introduce products that contain better-for-you fats. U.S. retail sales of fats and oils topped $9 billion in 2011; annual sales should reach $11 billion by 2016. Annual growth rates should move from two percent to four percent by 2016.
"Future Bright -- and Healthy -- for U.S. Fats and Oils Products Market", Press release, Packaged Facts, October 11, 2011, © Packaged Facts
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Scientists Discover The Importance Of Vitamin D In Preventing Tuberculosis

October 12, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
U.S. and German researchers have found evidence that vitamin D – which is known to be instrumental in bone development – also seems to protect against cancer and autoimmune diseases and fight infections such as tuberculosis. The team discovered that certain white blood cells that play a central role in immunity release a protein called interferon-g that directs infected immune cells to attack invading tuberculosis bacteria. However, this activation requires sufficient levels of vitamin D to be effective. The next step is to launch clinical trials to learn whether vitamin D supplements can enhance the body's resistance to tuberculosis, which causes 1.8 million deaths a year, the researchers said.
Mario Fabri, et al., "Vitamin D Is Required for IFN-γ–Mediated Antimicrobial Activity of Human Macrophages", Science Translational Medicine, October 12, 2011, © American Association for the Advancement of Science
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Millions Skip Breakfast, NPD Study Finds

October 11, 2011: 09:15 AM EST
An NPD study that probes consumers’ attitudes toward morning food and beverage choices has found that nearly three out of every ten males aged 18-34 skip breakfast. Overall, ten percent  – 31 million Americans – skip the morning meal, according to the study. And among children who are awake but don’t eat breakfast, the highest incidence of skipping is found among kids 13-17 years old. NPD said such high rates of daily breakfast skipping present “a significant opportunity for food and beverage marketers to reach these consumers.”
"31 Million U.S. Consumers Skip Breakfast Each Day, Reports NPD", Press release, NPD, October 11, 2011, © NPD
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Ginger Root Supplements Show Potential In Preventing Colon Cancer

October 11, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
A University of Michigan phase 2 clinical study has found that ginger root supplements reduced markers of colon inflammation and may have potential to prevent colon cancer. Inflammation has been implicated in prior studies as a precursor to colon cancer. For the study, 30 patients were randomly given either two grams of ginger root supplements a day or a placebo for 28 days. The researchers then measured standard colon inflammation markers and found statistically significant reductions in most, and trends toward significant reductions in others. The researchers said another trial would be needed to see how ginger root actually affects the risk of cancer.
Suzanna M. Zick, et al., "Phase II Study of the Effects of Ginger Root Extract on Eicosanoids in Colon Mucosa in People at Normal Risk for Colorectal Cancer", Cancer Prevention Research, October 11, 2011, © American Association for Cancer Research
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America’s Childhood Obesity Problem Begins Early With Poor Eating Habits

October 4, 2011: 09:22 PM EST
Unhealthy dietary patterns in children as young as a year old are the root cause of America’s childhood obesity problem, Nestlé Nutrition research has found. One-third of the calories consumed by toddlers from the age of 12 months and up come from between-meal snacking on nutrient-poor foods. Bad eating habits start early in life, according to the study, which noted that those habits mirror those of older children and adults. The solution starts with giving parents and guardians better nutrition guidance, establishing healthy eating habits early, and making simple dietary changes. For example, parents could make snack times “mini-meal” times when kids could eat fruits, vegetables, low fat yogurt, and whole grain foods instead of junk.
"Nestlé Nutrition study reveals children are developing unhealthy eating habits earlier", Press release, Nestlé, October 04, 2011, © Nestlé
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Affordable Potatoes Pack More Potassium Than Any Other Vegetable - Study

September 27, 2011: 10:58 PM EST
U.S. researchers told a nutrition conference that potatoes are one of the best nutritional values in the produce department, providing significantly better nutritional value per dollar than most other raw vegetables. Per serving, white potatoes were the largest and most affordable source of potassium of any vegetable or fruit, the researchers said. For the study, which was funded by the United States Potato Board, the researchers merged nutrient composition data from the USDA Food and Nutrition Database with the USDA national food prices database. They also obtained frequency of consumption data and used the Affordable Nutrition Index to assess nutritional value per dollar for potatoes and for other vegetables. They found that potatoes were the lowest cost source of dietary potassium, in fact half that of most other vegetables.
"Potatoes are the largest and most affordable source of potassium of any vegetable or fruit", Press Release, presentation, American Dietetic Association, September 27, 2011, © United States Potato Board
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Fruits/Vegetables With White Flesh Seem To Reduce Risk Of Stroke

September 16, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
A Dutch study has found that consumption of fruits and vegetables with white flesh may prevent the incidence of stroke. For the study, researchers examined the association between consumption of fruits and vegetables in various color groups – green, orange/yellow, red/purple and white – with stroke incidence over ten years among 20,069 adults. The participants were free of cardiovascular disease at the start of the study, but 233 eventually suffered strokes. Green, orange/yellow and red/purple fruits and vegetables weren't related to stroke, researchers found. But the risk of stroke dropped by 52 percent for those who ate a lot of white fruits and vegetables – such as apples, pears and cauliflower. They found that each 25-gram-per-day increase in white fruits and vegetable consumption lowered the risk of stroke by nine percent.
Linda M. Oude Griep, et al., "Colors of Fruit and Vegetables and 10-Year Incidence of Stroke", Stroke, September 16, 2011, © American Heart Association
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Some Dietary Supplements And Herbal Remedies Do Seem To Reduce Blood Pressure

August 30, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
Hypertension researchers at the University of Rochester (N.Y.) Medical Center conducted a review of so-called “natural” products marketed as treatments for high blood pressure, finding that a couple of dietary supplements and herbal remedies seem to show promise, at least on an individual basis. For example, the supplement coenzyme Q10, an antioxidant enzyme involved in energy production, significantly reduced blood pressure. Potassium also helps lower blood pressure, whether it comes from the foods or from a supplement. Promising herbal remedies included mistletoe extract, which can be toxic at high doses, and Hawthorn extract. Some herbal remedies on the other hand – St. John's wort, ephedra/ma huang, yohimbine and licorice – seem to increase blood pressure.
Kevin J. Woolf and John D. Bisognano, "Nondrug Interventions for Treatment of Hypertension", Journal of Clinical Hypertension, August 30, 2011, © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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Consuming High Levels Of Chocolate Is Associated With A Reduced Risk Of Heart Disease

August 29, 2011: 09:23 AM EST
British and Colombian researchers who looked at seven studies involving 100,000 people have found that consuming high levels of chocolate was associated with a 37 percent reduction in the risk of heart disease. The studies did not differentiate between dark or milk chocolate, and included consumption of chocolate bars, drinks, biscuits and desserts. But the researchers offered several caveats to their findings. More studies are needed to find out whether chocolate actually caused the reduction in heart disease risk or if some other unmeasured factor was involved. And they cautioned that commercially available chocolate is loaded with calories – around 500 calories for every 100 grams – and eating too much can cause weight gain, boosting  the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
Adriana Buitrago-Lopez, et al., "Chocolate consumption and cardiometabolic disorders: systematic review and meta-analysis", British Medical Journal (BMJ), August 29, 2011, © Creative Commons: OPEN ACCESS
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Unadorned, Microwaved Potatoes Reduce Blood Pressure In Clinical Study

August 29, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
U.S. research among obese people with hypertension has found that eating potatoes every day – just plain potatoes cooked in a microwave – reduces high blood pressure without inducing weight gain. For the study, 18 hypertensive overweight/obese patients ate six to eight golf ball-size purple potatoes twice a day for 30 days. Purple potatoes were used because the pigment is rich in beneficial phytochemicals. According to the researchers, the average diastolic blood pressure dropped by 4.3 percent and the systolic pressure decreased by 3.5 percent. The majority of subjects took anti-hypertensive drugs and still had a reduction in blood pressure. None of the study participants gained weight. A similar test is planned for white potatoes, and similar results are expected.
Joe Vinson, Ph.D., et al., "Potatoes Reduce Blood Pressure in People With Obesity and High Blood Pressure", News release, presentation, National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, August 29, 2011, © American Chemical Society
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World Governments Urged To Implement Vitamin A Programs For Young Children

August 25, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
After a meta-analysis of the results of 43 clinical trials involving 200,000 young children, British and Pakistani researchers are urging policymakers to provide vitamin A supplementation to children in low and middle income countries to prevent death and illness from conditions such as diarrhea and measles. Their analysis found vitamin A supplements reduced child mortality by 24 percent in low and middle income countries. These findings, they say, show that the benefits of vitamin A supplementation are conclusive, and further testing would be unethical. According to the authors, if the mortality risk for 190 million vitamin A deficient children were reduced by 24 percent, more than 600,000 lives would be saved each year.
E. Mayo-Wilson, et al., "Vitamin A supplements for preventing mortality, illness, and blindness in children aged under 5: systematic review and meta-analysis", British Medical Journal, August 25, 2011, © BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. (Open Access)
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Advising People To Eat Cholesterol-Lowering Foods Has A Positive Impact

August 23, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
A study by Canadian researchers has found that people with high cholesterol who were advised to eat cholesterol-lowering foods for six months reduced their levels of bad cholesterol more than people who were advised to eat a low saturated fat diet. The 345 participants in the study received dietary advice on either a low saturated fat diet (control) or a cholesterol-lowering foods diet that included soy protein, nuts and plant sterols. The researchers found that low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in the control diet dropped three percent (8 mg/dL) over six months. In the cholesterol-lowering foods diet, LDL-C levels dropped anywhere from 13.1 percent (24 mg/dL) to 13.8 percent (26 mg/dL).
D. J. A. Jenkins, et al. , "Effect of a Dietary Portfolio of Cholesterol-Lowering Foods Given at 2 Levels of Intensity of Dietary Advice on Serum Lipids in Hyperlipidemia", JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, August 23, 2011, © American Medical Association
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Study Shows Consumers Worldwide Are Warming Up To Omega-3

August 17, 2011: 10:34 PM EST
Global awareness of omega-3 fatty acids as a vital nutrient for physical and mental health has reached "critical mass," according to the report "Omega-3: Global Product Trends and Opportunities," by Packaged Fats. For example, 9% of U.S. grocery shoppers buy food or beverage products with high omega-3 content in a regular shopping visit. Also, the portion of adults who take fish oil supplements has increased from 8 percent in 2006 to 17 percent in 2011. Global consumer spending on omega-3 food and beverages, health and beauty care products, and pet products grew to $13 billion in 2011, according to Packaged Facts estimates. Factors driving positive public image of omega-3 products include growing public awareness of health benefits, consumers' willingness to try new functional food and supplements, and positive media reporting.
"Omega-3 Awareness on the Rise", Grocery Headquarters Magazine, August 17, 2011, © Grocery Headquarters Magazine
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Milk Is Better Than Sports Drinks And Water At Warding Off Dehydration Among Active Children

August 17, 2011: 12:52 PM EST
A study funded by the Dairy Farmers of Canada has found that milk is more effective than sports drinks or water at countering dehydration in active children during hot summer weather. The researchers at Canada’s McMaster University said that milk is better because it is a source of high-quality protein, carbohydrates, calcium and electrolytes. In addition, milk replaces sodium lost during sweating and helps the body retain fluid. The study involved children ages eight to ten who exercised in a climate chamber, then drank different beverages. They were then measured for hydration. The unpublished study will be presented at a future medical conference.
Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, "Milk better than water to rehydrate kids", McMaster University, August 17, 2011, © McMaster University
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Walnuts Added To Diet Of Gene-Modified Mice Cut Cancer Risk In Half

August 11, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
U.S. researchers report that the risk of breast cancer was significantly reduced in mouse models of cancer when their diet was enriched with small amounts of walnut. The study compared a typical diet with a walnut-fortified diet over the lifespan of the animals: through the mother from conception through weaning, and then through eating the food directly. The amount of walnut used to feed the mice was equivalent to about two ounces a day for humans. The researchers said the walnut group developed breast cancer at less than half the rate of the group with the typical diet. And the number of tumors and their sizes were significantly smaller. "We were able to reduce the risk for cancer even in the presence of a preexisting genetic mutation," the researchers said.
Hardman, et al., "Dietary Walnut Suppressed Mammary Gland Tumorigenesis in the C(3)1 TAg Mouse", Nutrition and Cancer, August 11, 2011, © Open access, through Informa plc
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Baby Boomers Turn To Functional Foods, Beverages To Maintain Health

August 8, 2011: 10:33 AM EST
Consumer demand for foods with functional health benefits is on the rise, especially among baby boomers who are putting their trust in foods and beverages to prevent or manage health conditions. The trend is driven by several forces, including the economic downturn, increasingly expensive health care, and a growing awareness that a healthy diet is strongly associated with good health. According to Steve French, managing partner at Natural Marketing Institute, about 70 percent of baby boomers say they want to take more responsibility for their health – particularly by eating a healthy diet – because of uncertainties regarding America’s health care system. The result is increased sales of food products that address digestive, heart and joint issues, and of functional products believed to have medicinal qualities.
Steve French, NMI, "Consumers Don’t Buy Ingredients; They Buy Product Benefits", Natural Product Insider, August 08, 2011, © Virgo Publishing, LLC
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Gemoscan Adds Vitamin And Supplement Advice To Its Food Allergy Detection System

August 8, 2011: 10:45 AM EST
Gemoscan Canada Inc. introduced the Hemocode Food Intolerance System, a new version of its Hemocode System food allergy detection technology that comes upgraded with Pharmetics Inc.'s technology to offer personalized vitamin and supplement recommendations. Gemoscan's food intolerance detection system analyzes a consumer's blood sample to determine food intolerances. Consumers receive a personalized report detailing their immuno-based food and food additives allergies. Reports now also include vitamin and supplement recommendations that Gemoscan hopes will help consumers achieve "optimal nutrition."
Joanna Cosgrove, "Personalized Supplements for Food Intolerances", Nutraceutical World, August 08, 2011, © Rodman Publishing
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For U.S. Consumers, Eating Healthy Costs More Than Eating The Usual Diet

August 4, 2011: 10:03 PM EST
Researchers from the University of Washington's Center for Public Health Nutrition found that eating a healthy diet that follows the U.S. government's Dietary Guidelines for Americans costs more than typical diets. Analysis of data from the Seattle Obesity Study showed that diets incorporating vegetables and fruits cost more than diets that include saturated fat and added sugar. For example, adding sufficient potassium to meet the requirement would cost an extra $380 each year. Study authors stressed the need for the government needs to change the food system to lower costs of healthy foods.
Mary Guiden, "Consumers who follow federal nutrition guidelines may have higher food costs, UW researchers say", University of Washington, August 04, 2011, © University of Washington
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Little Evidence To Support Claim That Low-Cal Soft Drinks Help Weight Management – Report

August 4, 2011: 06:57 PM EST
Reduced sugar soft drinks are grabbing a greater share of the global soft drink market – in 2010, retail sales accounted for 16 percent of retail sales of all carbonated soft drinks, up from 13 percent a few years ago – but are they having a positive impact on the obesity epidemic? Euromonitor International has found contradictory evidence. “A growing body of research is now starting to emerge suggesting that low-calorie, artificially-sweetened carbonates may not be conducive to combating obesity after all,” EI says. For example, a recent meta-analysis of 12 clinical trials failed to show that reducing the intake of standard carbonated drinks lowered the body mass index in the study populations.
Ewa Hudson, "Are Better For You Reduced Sugar Soft Drinks Worsening the Obesity Epidemic?", Euromonitor International, August 04, 2011, © Euromonitor International
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Nestlé Targets Small Ethnic Stores, Consumers In Europe

August 5, 2011: 10:10 AM EST
Nestlé launched Taste of Home, a marketing campaign that targets ethnic mom-and-pop stores in Europe by providing them with Nestlé products imported from markets served by the company worldwide. Nestrade launched the Retailer Development Programme as part of the campaign and the company's efforts to reach out to small retail outlets in Austria, Belgium, and other parts of Europe. Nestlé hopes to enlist some 2,000 stores under the program that also aims to meet demand for ethnic foods and flavors, as well as for halal foods, among ethnic populations and other consumers in Europe.
Press Release, Nestlé , "Nestlé reaches out to small business entrepreneurs in Europe", Nestlé , August 05, 2011, © Nestlé
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High Folic Acid Intake Seems To Protect Against Colorectal Cancer

August 3, 2011: 12:54 PM EST
U.S. scientists who analyzed diet data on more than half a million Americans aged 50 to 71 found that, contrary to some suggestions, high intake of dietary or supplemental folate does not increase the risk of colorectal cancer. In fact, a higher total intake of folate was associated with a significantly lower risk of colorectal cancer. The study was launched to determine whether mandatory folic acid fortification of grain products might lead to adverse health consequences. It included more than eight years of follow-up data. However, the researchers suggested that because “the adenoma-carcinoma sequence” may take longer than ten years, more follow-up time is necessary.
T.M. Gibson, et al. , "Pre- and postfortification intake of folate and risk of colorectal cancer in a large prospective cohort study in the United States", American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, August 03, 2011, © American Society for Nutrition
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FDA Reopens Comment Period On “Gluten-Free” Food Labeling

August 2, 2011: 09:44 AM EST
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has reopened the comment period for a four-year-old  proposal related to “gluten-free” food labeling. The 60-day period opened on August 3.  The FDA is also asking for comments on the results of a safety assessment of exposure to gluten for people with celiac disease, an intolerance to the protein that is found in wheat, rye, and barley. The agency proposed that foods labeled gluten-free must should contain less than 20 parts per million (ppm) gluten. Validated methods of gluten detection cannot reliably detect gluten in food when there is less than 20 ppm. The threshold of less than 20 ppm also is similar to gluten-free labeling standards used by many countries, the agency said.
"FDA reopens comment period on proposed ‘gluten-free’ food labeling rule", Press release, FDA, August 02, 2011, © FDA
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FDA Tells HBB It Is Breaking The Law With Its Melatonin-Laced Brownies

August 2, 2011: 08:05 PM EST
The FDA has warned HBB, L.L.C. that the agency can confiscate the melatonin-flavored brownies the company sells under the Lazy Larry brand. HBB has marketed the brownies as a dietary supplement, but the FDA letter says the product is promoted for use as a conventional food. The FDA argues the product is marketed together with snack foods; the company's web site claims the product has "the same ingredients your mother uses to make brownies;" and the product is packaged as a brownie. HBB has 15 days from receipt of the FDA warning letter to correct the situation.
Eric Schroeder, "F.D.A. warns Lazy Larry brownies are unsafe", BakingBusiness.com, August 02, 2011, © Sosland Publishing Ltd
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Fructose, High Fructose Corn Syrup Consumption Increases Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease

July 31, 2011: 10:09 AM EST
A study that examined the metabolic impact of consuming fructose, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and glucose found that consumption of fructose and HFCS increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The study was launched to find out whether the U.S. recommendation that the upper limit of added sugar consumption should be 25 percent is supported by scientific evidence. Forty-eight adults were tested. Within two weeks, study participants consuming fructose or high fructose corn syrup, but not glucose, had higher concentrations of LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and a protein that leads to vascular plaques. The researchers said their findings suggest that the upper limit of 25 percent of daily calories consumed as added sugar recommended in the 2010 U.S. Dietary Guidelines “may need to be re-evaluated."
Kimber L. Stanhope, PhD, et al. , "Consumption of fructose and high fructose corn syrup increase postprandial triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, and apolipoprotein-B in young men and women", Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, July 31, 2011, © The Endocrine Society
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Moderate Alcohol Intake Helps Protect From Weight Gain

July 26, 2011: 12:05 PM EST
A review of studies into alcohol consumption and weight gain found contradictions in results of large cross-sectional studies and cohort studies, while findings from short-term experimental trials did not indicate a clear trend. Heavy consumption of alcohol may cause body weight gain, but light-to-moderate alcohol intake may actually help protect from weight gain, according to the review. Researchers chose 31 publications based on relevance and quality of design and study methods. 
Carmen Sayon-Orea, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, "Alcohol consumption and body weight: a systematic review", Nutrition Reviews, July 26, 2011, © International Life Sciences Institute
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Portion Control Is Growing In Importance Among American Consumers

July 26, 2011: 04:13 AM EST
U.K. market research firm NPD Group reports that American consumers are becoming increasingly aware of portion control as a way to ensure a healthier diet. “Eating smaller portions” was one of 30 diet and lifestyle characteristics consumers of different age groups were asked to associate with good health. Eating smaller portions ranked 11th among all adult consumers as a healthy eating characteristic. Adults consistently rated five eating/lifestyle habits as most important: exercising regularly, eating well-balanced meals, eating all things in moderation, limiting or avoiding saturated fats/cholesterol/trans fats and drinking at least eight glasses of water daily. Generation X consumers (ages 35 to 45) ranked eating smaller portions seventh in importance.
"Portion Control of Growing Interest to U.S. Consumers, Reports NPD", Press release, NPD, July 26, 2011, © NPD
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Antibiotic Works Better Than Cranberry Capsules At Preventing UTI Recurrences

July 25, 2011: 09:28 AM EST
The standard antibiotic used to treat urinary tract infections (UTI) did a better job of preventing recurrences of the condition in premenopausal women than cranberry capsules, Dutch researchers have found. They warned, however, that low-dose antibiotics can contribute to antibiotic resistance over time. For the study, 221 women with symptoms of UTI took either 480 mg of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) daily or 500 mg cranberry capsules twice daily. At 12 months, the average number of clinical recurrences OF UTI was 1.8 in the TMP-SMX group and 4.0 in the cranberry capsules group. However, antibiotic resistance rates tripled in the pathogens found in the TMP-SMX patients.
M. A. J. Beerepoot, et al. , "Cranberries vs Antibiotics to Prevent Urinary Tract Infections: A Randomized Double-blind Noninferiority Trial in Premenopausal Women", Archives of Internal Medicine, July 25, 2011, © American Medical Association
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High Levels Of Fish Oil Omega-3s Reduce Inflammation, Anxiety In Clinical Trial

July 19, 2011: 12:50 PM EST
Ohio State University researchers have found that consuming high levels of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil significantly reduced inflammation biomarkers and anxiety among  a group of medical students. For the clinical trial, 68 first- and second-year medical students were randomly divided into six groups, interviewed, and tested to gauge levels of stress, anxiety and depression. The students also completed questionnaires about their recent diets. Half received daily omega-3 supplements – about five times the amount of fish oil in a serving of salmon – and the other half consumed placebo pills. The omega-3 group showed a 20 percent reduction in anxiety compared to the placebo group, as well as a 14 percent reduction in cytokines that are inflammation biomarkers.
Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser, et al. , "Omega-3 supplementation lowers inflammation and anxiety in medical students: A randomized controlled trial", Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, July 19, 2011, © Elsevier Inc.
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Milk And Soy Protein Supplements Associated With Reductions In Blood Pressure

July 19, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
A U.S. clinical study involving 352 adults at risk for high blood pressure, or with mild hypertension, has found that a daily supplement of milk or soy protein had a more significant impact on systolic blood pressure than refined carbohydrate dietary supplements. According to the researchers, their study is the first to show that milk protein lowers blood pressure for people with pre-hypertension and stage-1 high blood pressure. When compared to taking a refined carbohydrate supplement: those who took the milk protein supplement had a 2.3 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) lower systolic blood pressure; and those who took the soy protein supplement had a 2.0 mmHg lower systolic blood pressure. No decreases in diastolic pressure were found in the study.
Jiang He, et al., "Effect of Dietary Protein Supplementation on Blood Pressure: A Randomized, Controlled Trial", Circulation, July 19, 2011, © American Heart Association
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Calorie Counts On Restaurant Menus Are Found To Be Inaccurate

July 19, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
Calories counts listed on restaurant menus and Web sites are accurate on average, according to a new U.S. study, but in a random sampling nearly one in five individual menu items that were tested differed from lab tests by more than 100 calories. Researchers at Tufts University compared laboratory measurements of calories in 269 food items with the restaurants' stated calories. Food samples were randomly selected from national fast-food and sit-down chain restaurants in three U.S. cities. They found that lower calorie foods on restaurant menus generally tended to contain more calories than listed. A menu item in a sit-down restaurant that was listed as about 300 calories, and perhaps suitable for people on a restricted-calorie diet, could contain as many as 90 calories more than listed.
L. E. Urban, et al., "Accuracy of Stated Energy Contents of Restaurant Foods", JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, July 19, 2011, © American Medical Association
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U.S. Lawmakers Call On FDA To Ban Genetically Engineered Salmon

July 18, 2011: 09:47 PM EST
A bipartisan group of legislators from the U.S. House and Senate has called on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to not approve the genetically engineered (GE) salmon developed by AquaBounty. The U.S. House approved an amendment that seeks to keep the FDA from approving the GE salmon. Lawmakers, salmon industry leaders, and consumer groups oppose the GE salmon, which they claim can destroy the "genetic adaptations" of wild salmon populations. AquaBounty, however, claims that its GE salmon poses no health risks to humans and that GE salmons will be kept away from natural salmon populations.
Helena Bottemiller, "Lawmakers Tell FDA to Back Off on GE Salmon", Food Safety News, July 18, 2011, © Marler Clark
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Fruits And Vegetables Not A Major Part Of College Students Diet, Study Finds

July 18, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
A study by Oregon State University scientists that compared the eating habits of 582 male and female college students has found that neither groups were eating proper amounts of fruits and vegetables. Male students ate fruits and vegetable as little as five times a week on average, while females consumed only four servings a week. Part of the problem is that students often skipped meals altogether, but even taking that into account, students ate less than one serving of fruits and vegetables a day, far less than federal guidelines recommend. On average, female students ate less fiber, while males ate more fat. Female dietary patterns were somewhat healthier: they skipped fewer meals, ate in campus dining halls more frequently, and read food labels.
Kin-Kit Li, et al., "An Examination of Sex Differences in Relation to the Eating Habits and Nutrient Intakes of University Students", Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, July 18, 2011, © Society for Nutrition Education
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Adolescent Consumption Of Dairy Foods Reduces Risk Of Adult Onset Diabetes

July 13, 2011: 10:11 AM EST
A large, long-term study of the impact of eating dairy food from adolescence through adulthood has found a significant association between higher consumption and lower risk of type 2 diabetes. The study by U.S. and Singapore scientists analyzed data collected from food-frequency questionnaires that asked about high school diet patterns. The questionnaires were submitted by more than 37,000 women from 1998 to 2005. Researchers found that women who consumed the most dairy foods during adolescence had a 38 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes as adults. The researchers acknowledged, however, that “some of the benefit of dairy product intake during high school may be due to the persistence of the consumption pattern during adulthood.”
Vasanti S Malik, et al. , "Adolescent dairy product consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged women", American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, July 13, 2011, © The American Society for Nutrition
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Probiotics Sales Worldwide Reached $21.6B In 2010, Will Reach $31.1B In 2015

July 12, 2011: 12:16 PM EST
The global probiotics market reached $21.6 billion in sales in 2010 and is forecast to expand to $31.1 billion by 2015, with a compound annual growth rate of 7.6%, according to the report "The Probiotics Market: Ingredients, Supplements, Foods," by MarketResearch.com. Research shows that probiotic foods accounted for 90.1% of total probiotic sales with $19.6 billion, which is expected to reach $28.1 billion in 2015. Probiotics supplements accounted for 6.4% of total sales or $1.3 billion, and are forecast to reach $2.07 billion in 2015.
Press Release, Market Research.com, "Probiotics Market to Reach $31 Billion by 2015", Marketwire, July 12, 2011, © Marketwire Inc
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Increasing Dairy Intake Lowers Oxidative And Inflammatory Stress In Metabolic Syndrome

July 12, 2011: 12:24 PM EST
A study found that an increase in dairy intake eases oxidative and inflammatory stress in metabolic syndrome. Researchers studied 40 overweight and obese adults with metabolic syndrome to find out the early and sustained effects of adequate dairy (AD) and low dairy (LD) diets. Assessment of oxidative and inflammatory biomarkers revealed that AD reduced malondialdehyde and oxidized LDL and suppressed inflammatory markers, including tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-6. LD had no effect on oxidative and inflammatory markers.
Rene´e A Stancliffe, Teresa Thorpe, and Michael B Zemel, "Dairy attentuates oxidative and inflammatory stress in metabolic syndrome", American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, July 12, 2011, © The American Society for Nutrition
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Fast Food Is Preferred By Young People, Whether Healthy Food Is Nearby Or Not

July 12, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
Scientists in the U.S. who studied fast food consumption data from 5,115 young adults found that having fast-food restaurants in the neighborhood is strongly associated with the amount of fast food consumed. However, living near grocery stores and supermarkets has no impact on healthy diet choices, a finding that tends to belie assumptions – often inspiring federal policies on food – that lower income people often eat unhealthy diets because they have less access to healthy foods, and greater access to junk foods. The researchers said classifying restaurants and food stores as healthy or unhealthy “may provide little understanding of how the food environment impacts diet and may overlook innovative policy solutions."
J. Boone-Heinonen, et al., "Fast Food Restaurants and Food Stores: Longitudinal Associations With Diet in Young to Middle-aged Adults: The CARDIA Study", Archives of Internal Medicine, July 12, 2011, © American Medical Association
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Substituting Nuts For Carbs Improves Blood Sugar Control In Type 2 Diabetics

July 12, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
People with type 2 diabetes who replace carbohydrates in their diet with as few as two ounces of nuts daily showed better control of blood sugar and lipids, new Canadian research has found. The researchers tested three diet supplements on type 2 diabetics: muffins only; a mixture of a variety of nuts; and a mixture of nuts and muffins. Those who ate the nuts-only supplement showed the greatest improvement in blood glucose control and the greatest reduction in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad” cholesterol. "The study indicates that nuts can provide a specific food option for people with type 2 diabetes wishing to reduce their carbohydrate intake," the researchers concluded. Nuts used in the study included raw almonds, pistachios, walnuts, pecans, hazelnuts, peanuts, cashews, and macadamias.
D. J. A. Jenkins, et al., "Nuts as a Replacement for Carbohydrates in the Diabetic Diet. Diabetes Care", Diabetes Care, July 12, 2011, © American Diabetes Association
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Some People Become Addicted To Delicious Foods, Leading To Compulsive Eating, Obesity

July 12, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
People can become addicted to delicious foods and become compulsive about consuming them, in much the same way as drug addicts and alcoholics, according to unpublished Canadian research. For the study, researchers analyzed the answers to a questionnaire completed by a group of obese people to diagnose substance dependence. People were then classified as either food addicts or non-addicts. The two groups were compared in three areas associated with conventional addiction disorders. Food addicts were more likely to show evidence of binge-eating disorder and depression, as well as symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. "These findings advance our search for clinically relevant subtypes of obesity that may possess different biological and psychological vulnerabilities to environmental risk factors,” researchers said.
Dr. Caroline Davis, et al., "Evidence for Food Addiction in Humans", News release, presentation at the annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, July 12, 2011, © Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior
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European Companies Unveil Products Based On Chr. Hansen’s Probiotics+Fiber Formulation

July 7, 2011: 06:43 PM EST
European dietary supplement companies have begun to launch retail products based on Chr. Hansen’s probiotic-plus-fiber formulation designed to fight constipation. The Chr. Hansen product is a stick with a powder blend of the probiotic strain Bifidobacterium BB-12 and fiber. It is sifted over breakfast cereals or poured into a glass of water once or twice a day. In February, the product Yovis Regola was unveiled in Italy; British firm Wren Laboratories Ltd. has just introduced a consumer version of the product in the UK under the brand OptiBac Probiotics. Chr. Hansen said it is working with other companies in other countries on probiotics-plus-fiber products to “help people tackle constipation.”
"Shortly after the launch of Chr. Hansen’s powerful probiotics + fiber supplements concept, consumer products are available in European markets", Press release, Chr. Hansen, July 07, 2011, © Chr. Hansen
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Study Shows EpiCor Consumption Strengthens Immune Defense

July 7, 2011: 06:31 PM EST
Researchers found that intake of a 500-milligram dose of the EpiCor (EP) immunogen from Saccharomyces cerevisiae exhibits a fast and temporary effect on the flow and activation status of certain lymphocyte subsets and increases antioxidant protection. Researchers used a placebo-controlled randomized crossover study method to evaluate the 12 healthy adults selected as study subjects. Results showed that EP consumption raised the subjects' erythrocyte hematocrit levels, enhanced mucosal immune protection, reduced cold and flu symptoms, as well as seasonal allergy symptoms. Also, EP intake increased salivary secretion of immunoglobulin A.
Gitte S. Jensen, Kimberlee A. Redman, Kathleen F. Benson, Steve G. Carter, Marcie A. Mitzner, Stuart Reeves and Larry Robinson, "Antioxidant Bioavailability and Rapid Immune-Modulating Effects After Consumption of a Single Acute Dose of a High-Metabolite Yeast Immunogen: Results of a Placebo-Controlled Double-Blinded Crossover Pilot Study", Journal of Medicinal Food, July 07, 2011, © Authors, Open Access
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Omega-3 Intake Reduces Stiffness In Arteries – Study

July 6, 2011: 10:05 AM EST
An analysis of data collected in ten clinical trials has found that omega-3 fatty acid intake was associated with improvement in two measures of the stiffness of arteries, a finding that “may account for some of its purported cardioprotective effects.” The study, conducted by Australian researchers, analyzed the impact of omega-3s on pulse wave velocity and arterial compliance and found that “supplementation with omega-3 offers a scientifically supported means of reducing arterial stiffness.” Several recent studies have verified the benefits of daily doses of omega-3s for cardiovascular health, including a reduction in the risk of sudden cardiac death.
M.P. Pase, et al., "Do long-chain n-3 fatty acids reduce arterial stiffness? A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials", British Journal of Nutrition, July 06, 2011, © The Authors
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Probiotics Seem To Influence Both Intestinal And Psychological Health

July 6, 2011: 09:47 AM EST
Probiotic intestinal microbiota that deliver certain neuroactive compounds to the intestines seem to have an impact on both gastrointestinal and psychological health, according to U.S. researchers who proposed the creation of a new field of research to be called microbial endocrinology. Texas Tech University researcher Mark Lyte said that when probiotics such as Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria are ingested they become part of an “interactive environment encompassing, microbiological, immunological, and neurophysiological components.” Neurochemicals generated by the bacteria  in the gut circulate through the bloodstream and seem to exert effects outside the intestines, including changes in behavior.
M. Lyte, "Probiotics function mechanistically as delivery vehicles for neuroactive compounds: Microbial endocrinology in the design and use of probiotics", Bioessays, July 06, 2011, © Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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Study Shows High Folate Intakes Reduce Colorectal Cancer Risk

July 5, 2011: 07:20 PM EST
Increased intake of folate may help cut the risk of colorectal cancer, according to a study published in the Gastroenterology journal of the American Gastroenterological Association Institute. Researchers focused on the link between folate consumption and colorectal cancer among 99,523 participants in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Results showed no significant association in the first two years of follow-up studies, but discovered significantly inverse relations in the following years. Findings supported epidemiological evidence that increased folate intake cuts colorectal cancer risk and eased worries that high intakes of the water-soluble B vitamin may actually increase risk of cancer.
Press Release, American Gastroenterological Association, "High Folate Intake May Reduce Risk of Colorectal Cancer", American Gastroenterological Association, July 05, 2011, © American Gastroenterological Association
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Scientist Sees Significant Reduction In Global Mortality Rates If Vitamin D Intake Doubled

July 6, 2011: 07:23 AM EST
Global mortality rates could be cost-effectively reduced by as much as 17.3 percent by increasing serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, a U.S. study has found. Researcher William B. Grant evaluated the possible impact on mortality rates in six regions of the world if vitamin D intake was doubled. He found that life expectancy would increase an average of about two years. The mortality rate for African females would drop by 7.6 percent, and for European females by 17.3 percent. Doubling vitamin D intake would be cost-effective, according to Grant, because vitamin D supplementation is cheap and supplementation and moderate UVB irradiance have few adverse side effects.
W. B. Grant, "An estimate of the global reduction in mortality rates through doubling vitamin D levels", European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, July 06, 2011, © Nature Publishing Group
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No Evidence That “Moderate” Reduction In Salt Intake Offers Health Benefits

July 5, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
A systematic review of the results of seven studies involving more than 6,000 participants found little evidence to conclude that a moderate reduction in salt intake cuts the risk of dying or experiencing cardiovascular disease, though there was evidence that it reduces blood pressure. The researchers said moderate reductions in salt intake in the studies were perhaps too little to have a significant health benefit. They acknowledged that they would be more comfortable drawing conclusions regarding clear health benefits if the pool of participants were at least triple the number they examined. Larger studies should be conducted “to get a full understanding of the benefits and risks of reducing salt intake," said British researcher Rod Taylor.
Rod S. Taylor, et al., "Reduced Dietary Salt for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials (Cochrane Review)", American Journal of Hypertension, July 05, 2011, © American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.
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High Levels Of Folate Intake Are Associated With Reduced Colorectal Cancer Risk

July 5, 2011: 12:00 AM EST
U.S researchers who analyzed eight years of data from a large (nearly 100,000 participants) cancer prevention study found an association between consuming high levels of the water-soluble B vitamin known as folate and a reduction in colorectal cancer risk. Folate occurs naturally in fruits, vegetables and other foods, and is also available as folic acids in supplements. The researchers found that the best results came from total folate and folic acid intake, from both natural and fortified foods, and from supplements. The study period was from 1999 to 2007, after folate fortification began. Researchers found neither higher nor lower risk of cancer during the first two years of follow-up (1999 to 2001), but found statistically significantly reductions in colorectal cancer during the subsequent years (2002 to 2007).
Victoria L. Stevens, et al., "High Levels of Folate From Supplements and Fortification Are Not Associated With Increased Risk of Colorectal Cancer", Gastroenterology, July 05, 2011, © AGA Institute
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In-Shell Pistachio Snacking Slows Consumption, Cuts Calorie Intake

July 1, 2011: 11:29 AM EST
Snacking on in-shell pistachios helps curb consumption and decrease calorie intake, making it a healthful way to lose weight, according to two U.S. studies. In one study, participants who ate in-shell pistachios consumed 41 percent fewer calories compared to those who consumed shelled pistachios. In the second study, pistachio nut shells were found to provide important “visual cues” about eating that translate into lower caloric intake. The studies suggest that in-shell pistachios, which are one of the lowest calorie nuts, are a practical, everyday snack for weight management. “In-shell pistachios are the original ‘slow food,’ researchers said. “Choosing in-shell pistachios instead of shelled nuts is a simple way to decrease calorie consumption without restriction.”
"In-Shell Pistachios: The Original “Slow Food”?", Press Release, PistachioHealth.com, July 01, 2011, © PistachioHealth.COM
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